Vor 40 Jahren kehrte Ayatollah Khomeini aus dem Exil in den Iran zurück. Er wurde zur prägenden Figur der Islamischen Revolution / Am 1. Februar kehrte der Geistliche Ayatollah Khomeiny aus dem Exil nach Iran zurück – die Hoffnung auf eine bessere Zukunft für das. Die Islamische Revolution, von säkularen Gruppierungen auch als „Iranische Revolution“ bezeichnet, war eine vielschichtige Bewegung, die zur Absetzung von Schah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi und zur Beendigung der Monarchie im Iran führte.
1979 - Schicksalsjahr für den Nahen OstenVor 40 Jahren, am 1. April , wurde die Islamische Republik Iran ausgerufen. Die politisch-religiösen Folgen waren weit über den Iran. Die Auflehnung gegen das Schah-Regime führte zur Islamischen Revolution in Iran. Das Land hat sich allerdings anders entwickelt, als. Am Januar floh der Schah aus dem Iran. Seit der islamischen Revolution herrschen die Mullahs - trotz aller Probleme und.
1979 Iran Key moments in the 444-day Iran hostage crisis at the US Embassy Video1979 Iranian Revolution
On Febr. On Feb. Share Flipboard Email. Kallie Szczepanski. History Expert. Kallie Szczepanski is a history teacher specializing in Asian history and culture.
She has taught at the high school and university levels in the U. Updated November 25, Cite this Article Format. Szczepanski, Kallie.
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Iranians recover the bodies of the eight Americans killed on the rescue mission. Day , April 27 - Iranians display bodies of eight U.
Embassy compound in Tehran. Day , May 3 - The U. Iran arranges for the return of the bodies of Americans killed in the aborted rescue mission.
Day , May 24 - The International Court of Justice calls for release of the hostages and says Iran should compensate the United States for the seizure.
Iran dismisses the ruling. Day , June 14 - Khomeini announces a Cultural Revolution "to finish the enemies of God," wipe out remnants of Iranian life as it was under the shah and put Islamic clergymen in charge of education.
Day , June 15 - Khomeini orders a purge of non-Muslims from Iran's state-run radio and television. Day , June 28 - The shah is reported in "very serious" condition in a Cairo hospital, suffering from pneumonia which resulted from chemotherapy for his cancer condition.
Day , July 3 - The shah again is described as being in serious condition in Cairo. His affliction this time is reported as a typhoidal infection.
Day , July 5 - About 2, women wearing black mourning dresses demonstrate outside the presidential office to protest new rules requiring government employees to wear traditional Islamic clothing on the job.
Day , July 10 - Khomeini orders the release of hostage Richard Queen, a year-old vice consul, who is ill. Day , July 18 - An attempt is made in Paris to assassinate Shahpour Bakhtiar, the last Iranian prime minister under the shah and leader of an anti-Khomeini exile movement.
Bakhtiar is unharmed but a French policeman and woman neighbor are killed. Day , July 27 - The shah dies in a Cairo military hospital.
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Puntano qui Modifiche correlate Pagine speciali Link permanente Informazioni pagina Cita questa voce Elemento Wikidata. A small number of hostages, not captured at the embassy, were taken in Iran during the same time period.
All were released by late All State Department and CIA employees who were taken hostage received the State Department Award for Valor.
Political Officer Michael J. Metrinko received two: one for his time as a hostage and another for his daring rescue of Americans who had been jailed in Tabriz months before the embassy takeover.
The only hostage serviceman not issued the medal was Staff Sgt Joseph Subic, Jr. The Air Force Special Operations component of the mission was given the Air Force Outstanding Unit award for performing their part of the mission flawlessly, including evacuating the Desert One refueling site under extreme conditions.
This was paid by the US Government. The deal that freed them reached between the United States and Iran and brokered by Algeria in January prevented the hostages from claiming any restitution from Iran due to foreign sovereign immunity and an executive agreement known as the Algiers Accords , which barred such lawsuits.
Later, victims of the Beirut bombings also instituted claims against USVSST fund. Due to depletion of the fund, by February , only The timing of the release of the hostages gave rise to allegations that representatives of Reagan's presidential campaign had conspired with Iran to delay the release until after the United States presidential election to thwart Carter from pulling off an " October surprise ".
After twelve years of varying media attention, both houses of the United States Congress held separate inquiries and concluded that credible evidence supporting the allegation was absent or insufficient.
Over 80 songs have been released about or referencing the Iran hostage crisis. The Hollywood movie Argo was based on the Canadian Caper rescue.
In the video game campaign of Call of Duty: Black Ops Cold War , CIA agents Russell Adler, Frank Woods and Alex Mason are sent to target 2 Iranian diplomats due to their roles in the crisis.
They theorize that the KGB spy codenamed Perseus was responsible for the instigation of the crisis. Media related to Iran hostage crisis at Wikimedia Commons.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the siege of the American embassy in Tehran. For the siege of the Iranian embassy in London, see Iranian Embassy siege.
Iran hostage crisis Part of the consolidation of the Iranian Revolution and Iran—Saudi Arabia proxy conflict Iranian students crowd the U. Ruhollah Khomeini Mohammad Mousavi Khoeiniha .
Consolidation of the Iranian Revolution. Kurdistan Khuzestan Khorasan Azerbaijan Baluchistan Tehran U. Embassy Nojeh coup plot Amol incident Iran—Iraq War.
Part of a series on the. Timeline Background The Interim Government Islamic Republic. Hostage leaders. Ruhollah Khomeini Mohammad Mousavi Khoeiniha.
Parties and organizations. Student Followers of the Imam's Line People's Mujahedin of Iran Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution Organization.
Canadian Caper Operation Eagle Claw Operation Credible Sport. Further information: Operation Ajax and Iranian Revolution.
Further information: Kenneth Kraus. Play media. Documents Seized from the US Embassy in Tehran. Main article: Timeline of the Iranian hostage crisis.
Main article: Canadian Caper. Main article: Iran hostage crisis negotiations. Further information: Operation Eagle Claw. Main article: Operation Credible Sport.
This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Further information: October Surprise conspiracy theory. The MEK also offered strong political support for the hostage-taking action.
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Social Studies. Iran: From Royal Dictatorship to Theocracy [ permanent dead link ]. Social and political protest was often met with censorship, surveillance, or harassment, and illegal detention and torture were common.
Khomeini continued to preach in exile about the evils of the Pahlavi regime, accusing the shah of irreligion and subservience to foreign powers.
Outwardly, with a swiftly expanding economy and a rapidly modernizing infrastructure , everything was going well in Iran. But in little more than a generation, Iran had changed from a traditional, conservative , and rural society to one that was industrial, modern, and urban.
The sense that in both agriculture and industry too much had been attempted too soon and that the government, either through corruption or incompetence, had failed to deliver all that was promised was manifested in demonstrations against the regime in